Monday, March 18, 2019
King Phillip :: essays research papers
King of Spain, only son of the Emperor Charles V, and Isabella of Portugal, b. at Valladolid, 21 May, 1527 d. at the Escorial, 13 Sept., 1598. He was carefully educated in the sciences, learned French and Latin, though he never spoke anything precisely Castilian, and also showed much interest in architecture and music. In 1543 he married his cousin, Maria of Portugal, who died at the birth of Don Carlos (1535). He was plant regent of Spain with a council by Charles V. In 1554 he married bloody shame Tudor, Queen of England, who was eleven years his senior. This political marriage gave Spain an indirect invite on affairs of England, recently restored to Catholicism but in 1555 Philip was summoned to the imprint Countries, and Marys death in the same year severed the connection amongst the two countries. At a solemn conference held at Brussels, 22 Oct., 1555, Charles V ceded to Philip the busted Countries, the crowns of Castille, Aragon, and Sicily, on 16 Jan., 1556, and the co untship of Burgundy on the tenth of June. He even thought of securing for him the imperial crown, but the opposition of his brother Ferdinand caused him to forfeit that project. Having become king, Philip, devoted to Catholicism, defended the Faith throughout the world and opposed the bring forward of heresy, and these two things are the key to his whole reign. He did both by means of absolutism. His reign began unpleasantly for a Catholic sovereign. He had sign-language(a) with France the Treaty of Vaucelles (5 Feb., 1556), but it was soon broken by France, which joined capital of Minnesota IV against him. Like Julius II this pope longed to drive the foreigners out of Italy. Philip had two wars on his hands at the same time, in Italy and in the Low Countries. In Italy the Duke of Alva, Viceroy of Naples, defeated the Duke of Guise and reduced the pope to much(prenominal) distress that he was forced to make peace. Philip granted this on the roughly favourable terms and the Duke of Alva was even obliged to ask the popes pardon for having invaded the fateful States. In the Low Countries Philip defeated the French at Saint Quentin (1557) and Gravelines (1558) and later on signed the Peace of Cateau-Cambresis (3 April, 1559), which was sealed by his marriage with Elizabeth of Valois, daughter of heat content II.