Wednesday, April 10, 2019
Indoor Plumbing and Public Sanitation in Developing Countries Essay Example for Free
Indoor Plumbing and Public Sanitation in evolution Countries EssayThe porcelain throne, the pot, the pooper, the potty, the latrine, the toilet. That is something we befoolt bring in much thought to, unless something is wrong with it. What about the shower bath or the sink? How often to do you go to your sink to get a glass of peeing system and wonder Am I imbibition someones poo? Will it be clean right away or will I get sick? I k right off for myself, I r bely give this any thought at all and I can honestly say that I view never worried that my drinking weewee would be contaminated by feces. However, for many around the world, this is a constant concern.many immediately either dont construct access to clean water or dont have access to very much water at all. They openly reach, as substantially as drink, cook, and bathe in contaminated water. This causes several life threatening diseases and illnesses. I will discuss the water and sanitisation issues in under de veloped countries, as well as what is being make to improve these situations. Early one December morning in Boise Idaho, I woke up to an especially cold day. I tiredly scuffled myself to my bathroom, went pee and when I went to flush my toilet, nothing happened. cool off slightly asleep and conf apply, I tried a couple more times to get it to flush. silent nothing happened. Frustrated, I opened my tank and found that thither was no water in it at all. I thought that that was strange, so I checked my faucet. I turned the handle and no water came out, I quickly checked my shower and kitchen sink next. I had no water at all. Realizing that I had to work in a few hours and I had no way to shower, brush my teeth or clean up in any way, I became quite irate. I called my management company and on the face of it pipes had frozen in most of their properties.After this experience I started phoneing about my reaction and how on that point are countries that dont have access to clean wate r ever. Though I think that the reaction that I had would have been the same for any person living in the U. S. , I dont know if it was as big of a deal as it felt wish well in the moment. I didnt die from not having water for one day, I wasnt forced to defecate in my front lawn or drink from a sewer. I didnt get sick and I didnt even have to go the entire day without a shower. In fact, I didnt have to go even a couple of hours without access to water.We, in America, are so used to having constant access to clean water and indoor plumbing that if we have to go an hour without it, its as though our entire world is crashing down. We rarely give thought to those in underdeveloped countries that lack access to clean water at all. There are approximately 7 billion citizenry living on earth today. There are about 2. 6 billion flock today that dont have a toilet or access to one (Yamaguchi). That is about 40% of the worlds population That is a huge number of people without toilets. Her e in America, there is not a single home that does not have a toilet.Even the dispossessed have constant access to restroom facilities and clean water. I had a conversation with a friend of tap that works with the homeless on a daily basis to see what the situation was like for the homeless in America in regards to restroom access and sanitation. I asked him if any of the homeless people that he worked with were ever forced to openly defecate or go without a shower. He informed that the only when ones that did that were never forced to, but they did it by choice. He also told me that many that are homeless are on Medicaid, so if they get sick they can righteous go to the doctor.This is quite different from exploitation countries, where people die all the time from not being able to afford medical care. Developing countries not only lack affordable medical care but they have very control ability to prevent the spread of illness, such as those caused by exposure to fecal matter (Yamaguchi). However, in America we have sewage systems and workss that filter and treat our sewer water. In Los Angeles there is the Hyperion sewage plant that processes enough fecal matter to fill three Rose Bowl Stadiums every day (Yamaguchi).That is bonnie in Los Angeles, what about the rest of the U.S.? It is mind boggling to think about how much is processed. Now lets look at India, a country that has significantly grown economically, however is still severely deficient proper sanitation systems. According to UNICEF, about 600 million people in India are without access to a toilet (World Toilet Day 2012). That is more than half the population of India. Instead of utilize a toilet, they openly defecate wherever they can. Many use the Yamuna River (Yamaguchi), the largest river in the Ganges of Northern India. The result has been a severely contaminated water source.The river has literally turned black and bubbles from the methane gases. The shores are not only bemire with fecal matter but trash as well and yet still the people are using the water from the river (Yamaguchi). I think many Americans reaction to this would be sodding(a) or we might generalize and think that Indians are just unsanitary people. Is that really the case, though? The people living in underdeveloped countries are rarely living in unsanitary conditions by choice. Many are ignorant to proper sanitation practices and/or are living in conditions where they have no access to clean water.In the urban slums of New Delhi, people are defecating anywhere they can in the middle of the streets, next to rail road tracks, or just feet from where they eat, drink and sleep. The water they are using to cook, drink, and bathe with is water from a sewer (Yamaguchi). About 1000 children die every day from play (Bajait, Thawani). This lack of proper sanitation systems is exposing these children and adults to fecal matter on a daily basis, which is causing diseases like Typhoid, Cholera and othe r severe illnesses linked with diarrhea. Is this the fault of the individual or the fault of their governments?In my opinion, twain are at fault. Though developing countries have very little access to informational services, I do believe that it falls in the hands of the individual to get informed and I believe that it is the certificate of indebtedness of the government to provide the services required to inform its people on proper sanitation, as well as provide a clean environment to live in via sanitation systems. This lack of toilets, which results in a lack of clean water, is obviously a very big problem. So what is being done about it? In 2001 Jack Sim founded the World Toilet Organization.This organization is dedicated to improving the worlds toilet and sanitation situation. They make toilets that are affordable for those living in impoverished conditions. Jack Sim also works with governments of developing countries and small organizations to help provide toilets to those in need. One of those small organizations is run by Bapak Sumadi in Indonesia. Sumadi is a major leader in Indonesia in providing the earthly concern with toilets and teaching the importance of public sanitation. Together their goal is to end open defecation (Yamaguchi). Though the changes and effects are small, they are not insignificant.The conditions that these people are forced to live in, is truly a crisis. Thousands die every day from not having proper sanitation systems. The invention of the toilet and sewage systems has not only given us a way to get rid of our feces, but it has provided us with sanitary conditions which keeps our water clean and reduces the chances of contracting diseases. No matter who you are or where you live, everyone deserves to have access to a toilet and clean water. The question now is what more can be done? Should the government help provide better access to toilets and sanitation systems? What about other countries?Do we hold any responsibility i n helping these developing countries? In my opinion, yes we do. One scholarly journal, in reference to David Hemson, stated regular water supply to the rural worthless is both a constitutional requirement and a social necessity (Phaswana-Mafuya 298). I think it is authoritative that we learn to help one another, so that we can grow together rather than grow apart. I know the next time that I use the restroom, take a bath, or even just get a glass of water I will be grateful for all that I have and that I dont have to worry about what I am drinking or bathing in. What about you?