Tuesday, April 16, 2019
African Americans health disparities Essay Example for Free
African Americans health disparities EssayIn 2010, the death target for pitch-darks was higher (25. 0 per 100,000) compared with any other racial ethnicity group (3. 0 dusters). benighteds represented 49% of both deaths with human immunodeficiency virus in 2010. A recent study showed that blacks diagnosed with HIV are less likely than other groups to be linked to care, carry in care, receive antiretroviral treat ment and achieve adequate viral suppression. African American Males African American men accounted for 42% of HIV cases diagnosed among men in 2011. A majority (72%) of African American men with HIV assure the disease by male to male contact while 19% contracted HIV through heterosexual exposure. African American Females Among African American women, high risk heterosexual contact was the most frequently cited mode of transmission, accounting for 89% of cases diagnosed in 2011. More reading ?HIV/AIDS TOPIC place ?HIV/AIDS AND AFRICAN AMERICANS ?HIV/AIDS STATISTI CS AND SURVEILLANCE sexu entirelyy Transmitted Diseases (STD) Gonorrhea In 2010, 69% of all reported cases of gonorrhea occurred among blacks. The invest of gonorrhea among blacks in 2010 was 432. 5 cases per 100,000 population, which was 18. 7 time the rate among whites (23. 1). This disparity has changed little in recent years.This disparity was big for black men (22.2 quantify) than for black women (16. 2 times). Chlamydia In 2010, the overall rate among blacks in the United States was 1,167. 5 cases per 100,000, a 4. 0% increase from the 2009 rate of 1,122. 2 cases per 100,000. The rate of chlamydia among black women was over seven times the rate among white women (1,536. 5 and 205. 1 per 100,000 women, respectively). The chlamydia rate among black men was almost 11 times the rate among white men (761. 8 and 69. 9 cases per 100,000 men, respectively). Syphilis During 20092010, the rate of primary and secondary (PS) syph among blacks decreased 8. 7% (from 18. 4 to 16. 8 cases per 100,000 population).In 2010, 47. 4% of all cases reported to CDC were among blacks and 31. 0% of all cases were among whites. The overall 2010 rate for blacks was eight times the rate for whites, while the 2009 rate was 9. 2 times the rate for whites. In 2010, the rate of PS syphilis among black men was 7. 1 times the rate among white men the rate among black women was 21 times the rate among white women. In 2010, the rate of native syphilis was 33. 1 cases per 100,000 live births among blacks. Race/ethnicity for cases of congenital syphilis is based on the mothers race/ethnicity.This rates was 12. 3 times the rate among whites (2. 7 cases per 100,000.live births). More Information ?STD TOPIC SITE ?STDS AND HEALTH DISPARITIES ?STD SURVEILLANCE REPORT ?STDS IN RACIAL AND ETHNIC MINORITIES Viral Hepatitis Acute Hepatitis A During the then(prenominal) 10 years, there has been little difference between the rates of acute hepatitis A among white non-Hispanics and black non-Hispani cs.The 2011 rates for these groups were 0. 29 and 0. 27 cases per 100,000 population, respectively. Acute Hepatitis B In 2011, the rate of acute hepatitis B was highest for Black non-Hispanics (1. 4 cases per 100,000 population). Acute Hepatitis C During 20022010, the incidence rate of acute hepatitis C remained below 0.5 cases per 100,000. The rate of hepatitis C among Black non-Hispanics increased 27. 3% (to 0. 14 case per 100,000 population in 2011). More Information ?VIRAL HEPATITIS TOPIC SITE ?SURVEILLANCE REPORT FOR VIRAL HEPATITIS Tuberculosis (TB) In 2010, 84% of all reported TB cases occurred in racial and ethnic minorities. Non- Hispanic blacks or African Americans accounted for 24% of TB cases in 2010. African Americans make up approximately 14% of the U. S. population, but accounted for 40% of TB cases in U. S. -born persons. Overall, 11,182 TB cases were reported to CDC from the 50 states and the District of Columbia in 2010.