Wednesday, April 3, 2019
Colonization And Neo Colonization History Essay
village And modern liquidation History EssayColonization is the extension of governmental and economic potency over an area by a state, whose nationals have occupied the area and usually possesses organizational or technological superiority over the native population.MOTIVES OF COLONIZATIONColonization has occurred through bulge the history in Europe. Three nearly influential colonisers hold British, Spanish, French. These three countries had three basic causativesMaterial takeDesire to strand so forth out organized religion.Desire expend territory.Using these motives they created long term effects in the culture religion and economy of areas that they colonize.EARLY COLONIZATIONAs earlyish as the 10th cent. B.C., the Phoenicians founded trading posts throughout the Mediterranean area and posterior exercised political dominion over these commercial colonies.The Greeks, from a desire for wealth or as a reply of the expulsion of a political faction or the defeated inhabit ants of a city, naturalised colonies in Asia baby bird and Italy, spreading Hellenic culture and stimulating occupation.BIGGEST COLONIZATION OF HISTORYColonization of IndiaColonization of AfricaColonization of AmericaCOLONIZATION IN AFRICAFrom the seventh century, Arab trade with sub-Saharan Africa led to a gradual colonization of atomic number 99 Africa, rough Zanzibar and other bases.After that Africa remained colonized under French, British Portuguese.French established equality, interracial marriages, rights support.British didnt support equality they considered others small(a)(a)er didnt liked it if they adopt British culture.Portuguese allowed interracial marriages notwithstanding considered blood related Portuguese as superiorFinally struggle was made by Africans to gain independence get rid off colonization.COLONIZATION IN the StatesDuring the sixteenth century the work of colonizing America was left almost wholly to the people of Spain.Colonies were establishe d on the coasts of South and Central America.in 1519 Cortez began that memorable expedition which soon subjected the Aztec empire of Mexico to his sway.In a comparatively short-change time the whole of western South America from the lower line of Chili to the Caribbean coast was Spanish territory.COLONIZATION IN INDIA When the British colonize India they modernized and make conveniences only for themselves.India suffered, destruction of education system, economies ancient monuments and lively hood of people.Living standards, sanitation, water resources and other facilities were barely provided.The East India Comp both established trading posts on different parts along the India coast.IMPACT OF COLONIZATIONSELF IMAGE IDENTITYNew cultures religion was introduced but tradition culture was destroyed. Example British brought English run-in but destroyed traditions.DECISION MAKING LEADERSHIPColonization weakens end making leaders. Example Tribal leadership system in Africa was de stroyed.RIGHTSNo equality or rights were retortn to the natives. Example Indians were forced to labor on constructions of road buildings but were kept from benefiting from such.WEALTH RESOURCESExploitation of resources occurred. Example scads of silver gold were transported from America to Spain. Similarly British took valuable jewels from India etc.NEO COLONIZATIONAs long as imperialism exists it will, by definition, wield its domination over other countries. Today that domination is called moderncolonialism.Che Guevara,Marxistrevolutionary, 1965Neo Colonization is used for the exploitation rather than for development of less(prenominal) real parts of world.Kwame Nkrumah, who in 1957 became leader of newly independentGhana, was one of the most notable figures to use the term.HOW NEO-COLONIZATION OCCURS TODAYThe essence of neo-colonialism is that the State which is subject to neo colonization is in theory, independent and has all the outward trappings of supranational powe r. In reality its economic system and thus its political form _or_ system of government is directed from outside.METHODS AND FORMS OF NEO COLONIZATIONIn an extreme case the legions of the imperial power may occupy the territory of the neo-colonial State and control the government of it.More often, however, neo-colonialist control is exercised through economic or fiscal means.Control over government policy in the neo-colonial State may be secured by payments towards the cost of running the State and by financial control over foreign exchange through the imposition of a banking system controlled by the imperial power.RESULT OF NEO COLONIZATIONThe result of neo-colonialism is that foreign capital is used for the exploitation rather than for the development of the less actual parts of the world. Investment under neo-colonialism increases rather than decreases the gap amongst the rich and the poor countries of the world.STRUGGLES AGAINST NEO COLONIZATIONThe struggle against neo-co lonialism is not aimed at excluding the resources of the developed world from operating in less developed countries. It is aimed at preventing the financial power of the developed countries being used in such a way as to weaken the less developed.EXAMPLENon-alignment, as go ford by Ghana and many other countries, is based on co-operation with all States. Such a policy, therefore, involves foreign investment from capitalist countries, but it must be invested in accordance with a national device drawn up by the government of the non-aligned State.NEO COLONIZISM A bratThe growth of nuclear weapons has made, the old-fashioned balance of power out dated. historically the mutual mass destruction prevented countries from enceinte each other. But without delay the case is different. Rich and technologically developed countries aim to have discontinue and more dangerous nuclear power, whereas poor countries may be low at these resources and may not be able to compete with the richer d eveloped states. The evil of neo-colonialism is that it prevents the formation of those large units which would make impossible limited war. To give one example if Africa was united, no major power community would tone-beginning to control it by limited war.Neo-colonialism is also the worst form of imperialism. For those who practice it, it means power without responsibility and for those who suffer from it, it means exploitation without redress. In the days of old-fashioned colonialism, the imperial power had at least to conthrough and justify at home the actions it was taking abroad. In the colony those who served the belief imperial power could at least look to its protection against any violent move by their opponents. With neo-colonialism neither is the case.Neo-colonialism is based upon the principle of rift up causality large united states into a number of small non-viable States which are incapable of independent development and must rely upon the former imperial power for defense and even internal security.THE DIFFERENCE in the midst of THE OLD IMPERIALISM COLONIZATION AND THE NEW GLOBALIZATION PROCESS NEO COLONIZATIONIn old colonialism you at least knew who your enemy was, you felt the knife on the back. You knew what had to be done if you wanted a better life. In globalization you are intent and unaware. When the prisoners are unaware of their chains then its hopeless.The US is freely threatening other countries.After Iraq war, nearly 2.5 million people are out of their country, one million plus have been killed, 75% are without electricity and drinking water.In the U.S. it has touched the lives of African-Americans who have had lives caught in street delirium and are fighting for their lives. Suddenly Islam comes to them and they find peace, dignity and a confidence they can believe in.The underlying value of globalization is material. In this proliferation of extra necessities, as Mark Twain said, result in the enrichment of the rich an d the greater impoverishment of the poor, in every country. Globally, the numbers of the poor are change magnitude fast, the concentration of wealth is greater. That is an unlivable position.The U.S. governments need for an enemy, its search for new enemies is rattling a way of uniting the country, covering its real motives and appealing for nationalism that is called the last refuge of the scoundrel. Patriotism is not the real motive. The real motive is domination and exploitation, and to get away with it you have to have a rally ground, an enemy. That is where the military comes in. The U.S. spends more on arms than all other countries combined.