Saturday, May 4, 2019

Jury Decision-making Case Study Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 1000 words

dialog box Decision-making - Case Study ExampleAfter the authenticity of DNA evidence had been prove, more judgements have been disquieted and nonpareil such famous case is The Case of the Winchester Three, (1990) where three Irish people were sentenced for 25 eld of imprisonment for the murder of Secretary of State for Northern Ireland, Tom King. Eye sourcees had spotted them in the curse scene and they had money, a second hand car, a radio, a woolly hat, a list of giving British people and also had false name driving licences. Jury relied on mall witness evidence and any reasonable jury could do so and in this case it eventually proved to be a miscarriage of justice. Even though it was not Actus reus, it was easy to convince the jury. An eyewitness who has no motive to lie is a powerful form of evidence for jurors, especially if the eyewitness appears to be passing confident about his or her recollection. In the absence of definitive proof to the contrary, the eyewitness s account is generally original by police, prosecutors, judges, and juries says Wells (2006).Wells and Loftus (1984, p. 1), mention the bewildering case of Robert Dillen, a freelance photographer, who was charged with indecent moving-picture show for relieving himself in the park bushes, after ascertaining that the public lavatory was locked. Unfortunately, his photo was published and identified by many eye witnesses as the man who conducted rape, armed robbery, kidnapping etc. in various cases. Fortunately, his strong alibis and the failing of eye witnesses convinced the jury otherwise, and he was released every time. This shows that people can feel convinced that they power saw the accused and they are absolutely sure that even a lie test fails to point out. mental studies have proved that it is possible to convince a person that he has witnessed something that had never happened. A merging of memory combined with complexly operating socially influential alternatives could b e responsible in eye witnessing errors and courts should consider them from every angle. The eight factors that have been shown to affect identification accuracy, disguise of robber, weapon focus, violence of robbery, storage interval, exposure, to mug shots, biased line-up instructions, line-up size, and fairness of the line-up, had trivial effects on probability ratings and on verdicts Culter et al (1988). sometimes eyewitness confidence and accuracy are very poorly related and the memory of the face that could go through changes in the mind of the witness, and this shows that vibrant psychological effects are behind eyewitness evidence. Cultler concludes one of his researches This research provides some justification for admitting expert psychological testimony on eyewitness identification. The juror seemingly does not evaluate eyewitness memory in a manner consistent with psychological guess and findings. Cutler (1990). In one of his researches, Kassin concludesClearly, parti cipants distinguished between a voluntary and coerced confession. Yet at the same time, the charge of any confession powerfully increased the conviction rate-even when it was seen as coerced, even when

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